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Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin - Structural Biology / Biochemistry

Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin | Department of Biology | Structural Biology / Biochemistry | Publications | Binding of flavin adenine dinucleotide to molybdenum-containing carbon monoxide dehydrogenase from Oligotropha carboxidovorans. Structural and functional analysis of a carbon monoxide dehydrogenase species in which the native flavoprotein has been replace

Lothar Gremer, S Kellner, Holger Dobbek, Robert Huber, and Ortwin Meyer (2000)

Binding of flavin adenine dinucleotide to molybdenum-containing carbon monoxide dehydrogenase from Oligotropha carboxidovorans. Structural and functional analysis of a carbon monoxide dehydrogenase species in which the native flavoprotein has been replace

Journal of Biological Chemistry, 275(3):1864–1872.

The carbon monoxide (CO) dehydrogenase of Oligotropha carboxidovorans is composed of an S-selanylcysteine-containing 88. 7-kDa molybdoprotein (L), a 17.8-kDa iron-sulfur protein (S), and a 30.2-kDa flavoprotein (M) in a (LMS)(2) subunit structure. The flavoprotein could be removed from CO dehydrogenase by dissociation with sodium dodecylsulfate. The resulting M(LS)(2)- or (LS)(2)-structured CO dehydrogenase species could be reconstituted with the recombinant apoflavoprotein produced in Escherichia coli. The formation of the heterotrimeric complex composed of the apoflavoprotein, the molybdoprotein, and the iron-sulfur protein involves structural changes that translate into the conversion of the apoflavoprotein from non-FAD binding to FAD binding. Binding of FAD to the reconstituted deflavo (LMS)(2) species occurred with second-order kinetics (k(+1) = 1350 M(-1) s(-1)) and high affinity (K(d) = 1.0 x 10(-9) M). The structure of the resulting flavo (LMS)(2) species at a 2.8-A resolution established the same fold and binding of the flavoprotein as in wild-type CO dehydrogenase, whereas the S-selanylcysteine 388 in the active-site loop on the molybdoprotein was disordered. In addition, the structural changes related to heterotrimeric complex formation or FAD binding were transmitted to the iron-sulfur protein and could be monitored by EPR. The type II 2Fe:2S center was identified in the N-terminal domain and the type I center in the C-terminal domain of the iron-sulfur protein.