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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Ecology


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Xiaohui, G., Endler, A., Poll, C., Marhan, S., & Ruess, L. (2021). Independent effects of warming and altered precipitation pattern on nematode community structure in an arable field. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 316, 107467

Hemmerling, C., Ackermann, M. & Ruess, L. (2021). The nematode fauna from the top soil to the vadose zone in a forested groundwater recharge area. Soil Organisms 93  13-34. 

Kühn. J. & Ruess L. (2021). Effects of resource quality on the fitness of collembola fed single and mixed diets from the green and brown food chain. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 154, 108156.


Ewald, M., Glavatska, O., & Ruess, L. (2020). Effects of resource manipulation on nematode community structure and metabolic footprints in an arable soil across time and depth. Nematology 22, 1025-1043.


Kühn, J., Tobias, K., Jähngen, A. & Ruess, L. (2020). Shifting systems: prerequisites for the application of quantitative fatty acid signature analysis in soil food webs. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 375: 20190650


Twining, C.W., Taipale, S.J., Ruess, L., Bec, A., Martin-Creuzburg, D. & Kainz, M.J. (2020). Stable isotopes of fatty acids: current and future perspectives for advancing trophic ecology. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 375: 20190641


Schoepfer, L., Menzel, R., Schnepf, U., Ruess, L., Marhan, S., Bruemmer, F., Pagel, H. & Kandeler, E. (2020). Microplastics effects on reproduction and body length of the soil-dwelling nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Frontiers in Environmental Science  doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2020.00041


Ngosong, C., Buse, T., Ewald, M., Richter, A., Glaser, K., Schöning, I. & Ruess, L. (2020). Influence of management intensity and environmental conditions on microbiota in biological soil crust and crust-free soil habitats of temperate forests. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 144, Article 107761


Petermann, J.S., Roberts, A.L., Hemmerling, C., Bajerski, F., Pascual, J., Overmann, J., Weissner, W.W., Ruess, L. & Gossner, M.M. (2020). Direct and indirect effects of forest management on tree-hole inhabiting aquatic organisms and their functional traits. Science of the Total Environment 704, 135418


Kühn, J., Schweitzer, K. & Ruess, L. (2019). Diversity and specificity of lipid patterns in basal soil food web resources. PLOS ONE 14(8), e0221 102.


Ruess, L. & Mueller-Navarra, D.C. (2019). Essential Biomolecules in Food Webs. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 7, 269.


Menzel, R., Chrzanowski v.H., Tonat, T., Riswyck v.K., Schliesser, P. & L. Ruess (2019). Presense or absense? Primary structure, regioselectivity and evolution of ∆12/ω3 fatty acid desaturases in nematodes. BBA - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids 1864, 1194 - 1205.


Richter, A., Kern, T., Wolf, S., Struck, U. & L. Ruess (2019). Trophic and non-trophic interactions in binary links affect carbon flow in the soil micro-food web. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 135, 239-247.


Siebert, J., Eisenhauer, N., Poll, Ch., Marhan, S., Bonkowski, M., Hines, J., Koller, R., Ruess, L. & Thakur, M.P. (2019). Earthworms modulate the effects of climate warming on the taxon richness of soil meso- and macrofauna in an agricultural system. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 278, 72-80.


Bruckner, A., Schmerbauch, A., Ruess, L., Heigl, F. & J. Zaller (2019). Foliar Roundup application has minor effects on the compositional and functional diversity of soil microorganisms in a short-term greenhouse experiment. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 174, 506-513.


Penone, C., Allan, E., Soliveres, S., Felipe-Lucia, M.R., Gossner, M.M., Seibold, S., Simons, N.K., Schall, P., Van der Plas, F., Manning, P., Manzanedo, R.D:, Boch, S., Prati, D., Ammer, C., Bauhus, J., Buscot, F., Ehbrecht, M., Goldmann, K., Jung, K., Müller, J., Müller, J.C., Pena, R., Polle, A., Renner, S.C:, Ruess, L., Schönig, I., Schrumpf, M., Solly, E.F., Tschapka,M., Weisser, W.W., Wubet, T. & M. Fischer (2019). Specialisation and diversity of multiple trophic groups are promoted by different forest features. Ecology Letters 22, 170-180.


Keller, J., Borzekowski, A., Haase, H., Menzel, R., Ruess, L. & M. Koch (2018). Toxicity assay for citrinin, zearalenone and zearalenone-14-sulfat using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans as model organism. Toxins 10, 284. 


Menzel, R., Geweiler, D., Sass, A., Simsek, D. & L. Ruess (2018). Nematodes as important source for omega-3 long-chain fatty acids in the soil food web and the impact in nutrition for higher trophic levels. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 6, 96. 


Pausch, J., Hüninghaus, M., Kramer, S., Scharroba, A., Scheunemann, N., Butenschoen, O., Marhan, S., Bonkowski, M., Kandeler, E., Scheu, S., Kuzyakov, Y. & L. Ruess (2018). Carbon budgets of top- and subsoil food webs in an arable system. Pedobiologia 69, 29-33.


Menzel, R., Nehring, R., Simsek, D. & L. Ruess (2018). Fatty acid 13C isotopologue profiling provides insight into trophic carbon transfer and lipid metabolism of invertebrate consumers. Journal of Visualized Experiments 134, e57110.


Kuehn, J., Richter, A., Kahl, T., Bauhus, J., Schöning, I. & L. Ruess (2018). Community level lipid profiling of consumers as a tool for soil food web diagnostics. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 9, 1265-1275.


Maboreke, H.R., Bartel, V., Seiml-Buchinger, R. & L. Ruess (2018). Micro-food web structure shapes rhizosphere microbial communities and growth in oak. Diversity 10, 15.

Richter, A., Schöning, I., Kahl, T., Bauhus, J. & L. Ruess (2018). Regional environmental conditions shape microbial community structure stronger than local forest management intensity. Forest Ecology and Management 409, 250-259.


Maboreke, H.R., Graf, M., Grams, T.E.E., Herrmann, S., Scheu, S. & L. Ruess (2017). Multitrophic interactions in the rhizosphere of a temperate forest tree affect plant carbon flow into the belowground food web. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 115, 526-536.

Glavatska, O., Müller, K., Butenschoen, O., Schmalwasser, A., Kandeler, E., Scheu, S., Totsche, K.U. & L. Ruess (2017). Disentangling the root- and detritus-based food chain in the micro food web of an arable soil by plant removal. PLOS ONE 12(7), e0180264.

Menzel, R., Ngosong, C., & L. Ruess (2017). Isotopologue profiling enables insights into dietary routing and metabolism of trophic biomarker fatty acids. Chemoecology 27, 101-114.

Eisenhauer, N., Antunes, P.M., Bennett, A.E., Birkhofer, K., Bissett, A., Bowker, M.A., Caruso, T., Chen, B., Coleman, D.C., De Boer, W., De Ruiter, P., DeLuca, T.H., Frati, F., Griffiths, B.S., Hart, M.M., Hättenschwiler, S., Haimi, J., Heethoff, M., Kaneko, N., Kelly, L.C., Leinaas, H.P., Lindo, Z., Macdonald, C., Rillig, M.C., Ruess, L., Scheu, S., Schmidt, O., Seastedt, T.R., Van Straalen N.M., Tiunov, A.V., Zimmer, M. & J.R. Powell (2017). Priorities for research in soil ecology. Pedobiologia 63, 1-7. 

Heijboer, A., Ruess, L., Traugott, M., Jousset, A. & P. De Ruiter (2017). Empirical methods of identifying and quantifying trophic interactions for constructing soil food web models. In J. Moore, P. De Ruiter, K. McCann & V. Wolters (Eds.), Adaptive Food Webs: Stability and Transitions of Real and Model Ecosystems . Cambridge University Press pp. 257-286.


Maboreke, H.R., Feldhahn, L., Bönn, M., Tarkka, M.T., Buscot, F., Herrmann, S., Menzel, R. & L. Ruess (2016). Transcriptome analysis in oak uncovers a strong impact of endogenous rhythmic growth on the interaction with plant-parasitic nematodes. BMC Genomics 17,  627. 

Pausch, J., Hofmann, S., Scharroba,A., Kuzyakov, Y. & L. Ruess (2016). Fluxes of root-derived carbon into the nematode micro-food web of an arable soil. Food Webs  9, 39-45.

Scharroba, A., Kramer, S., Kandeler, E. & L. Ruess. (2016). Spatial and temporal variations of resource allocation in an arable soil drives community structure and biomass of nematodes and their role in the micro-food web. Pedobiologia 59, 111-120.

Scheunemann, N., Pausch, J., Digel, C., Kramer, S., Scharroba, A., Kuzyakov, Y., Kandeler, E., Ruess, L., Butenschoen, O. & S. Scheu (2016). Incorporation of root C and fertilizer N into the food web of an arable field: Variations with functional group and energy channel. Food Webs 9, 32-38.  

Ackermann, M., Prill, P. & L. Ruess (2016). Disentangling nematode-bacteria interactions using a modular soil model system and biochemical markers. Nematology 18, 403-415.

Herrmann, S., Grams, T.E.E., Tarkka, M.T., Angay, O., Bacht, M., Boenn, M., Feldhahn, L., Graf, M., Kurth, F., Maboreke, H., Mailander, S., Recht, S., Fleischmann, F., Ruess, L., Schaedler, M., Scheu, S., Schrey, S. & F. Buscot (2016). Endogenous rhytmic growth, a trait suitable for the study of interplays between multitrophic interactions and tree development. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 19, 40-48.

Schaller, J., Boettger, R., Dudel, G. & L. Ruess (2016). Reed litter Si content affects microbial community structure and the lipid composition of an invertebrate shredder during aquatic decomposition. Limnologica 57, 14-22. 

Pausch, J., Kramer, S., Scharroba, A., Scheunemann, N., Butenschoen, O., Kandeler, E., Marhan, S., Riederer, M., Scheu, S., Kuzyakov, Y. & L. Ruess (2016). Small but active pool size does not matter for carbon incorporation in below-ground food webs. Functional Ecology 30, 479-489.



Kroupitski, Y., Pinto, R., Bucki, P., Belausov, E., Ruess, L., Spiegel, Y. & S. Sela (2015). Acrobeloides buetschlii as a potential vector for enteric pathogens. Nematology 17, 447-457.

Moll, J., Goldmann, K., Kramer, S., Hempel, S., Kandeler, E., Marhan, S., Ruess, L., Krüger, D. & F. Buscot (2015). Resource type and availability regulate fungal communities along arable soil profiles. Microbial Ecology 70, 390-399. 

Reibe, K., Götz, K.P., Ross, C.L., Doering, T.F., Ellmer, F. & L. Ruess (2015). Impact of quality and quantity of biochar and hydrochar on soil Collembola and growth of spring wheat. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 83, 84-87.

Cesarz, S., Reich, P.B., Scheu, S., Ruess, L., Schaefer, M. & N. Eisenhauer (2015). Nematode functional guilds, not trophic groups, reflect shifts in soil food webs and processes in responce to interacting global change factors. Pedobiologia 58, 23-32.

Roth, E., Samara, N., Ackermann, M., Seiml-Buchinger, R., Saleh, A. & L. Ruess (2015). Fertilization and irrigation practice as source of microorganisms and the impact on nematodes as their potential vectors. Applied Soil Ecology 90, 68-77.

Caravaca, F., Maboreke, H., Kurth, F., Herrmann, S., Tarkka, M.T. & L. Ruess (2015). Synergists and antagonists in the rhizosphere modulate microbial communities and growth of Quercus robur L. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 82, 65-73.



Ruess, L., Cutando, R. & K. Wagner (2014). Nematode food web diversitity and structure. Journal of Nematology, 46, 228-229.

Heidemann, K., Hennies, A., Schakowske, J., Blumenberg, L., Ruess, L., Scheu, S., Maraun, M. (2014). Free-living nematodes as prey for higher trophic levels of forest soil food webs. Oikos 123, 1199-1211.

Heidemann, K., Ruess, L., Scheu, S. & M. Maraun (2014). Nematode consumption by mite communities varies in different forest microhabitats as indicated by molecular gut content analysis. Experimental and Applied Acarology 64, 49-60

Zaller, J.,G., Heigl, F., Ruess, L. & A. Grabmaier (2014). Glyphosate herbicide affects belowground interactions between earthworms and symbiotic mycorrhizal fungi in a model ecosystem. Scientific Reports 4, article number 5634.

Donald A'Bear, A., Boddy, L., Kandeler, E., Ruess, L. & T. Hefin Jones (2014). Effects of isopod population density on woodland decomposer microbial community function. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 77, 112-120.

Ngosong, C., Gabriel, E. & L. Ruess (2014). Collembola grazing on arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi modulates nutrient allocation in plants. Pedobiologia 57, 171-179

Buse, T., Ruess, L. & J. Filser (2014). Collembola gut passage shapes microbial communities in faecal pellets but not viability of dietary algal cells. Chemoecology 24, 79-84.

Caravaca, F. & L. Ruess (2014). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and their associated microbial community modulated by Collembola grazers in host plant free substrate. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 69, 25-33.



Traugott, M., Kamenova, S., Ruess, L., Seeber, J. & W. Plantegenest (2013). Characterising trophic networks: What emerging DNA based methods, stable isotopes and fatty acid analyses can offer. In: Advances in Ecological Research: Ecological networks in an agricultural world (eds. G. Woodward & D.A. Bohan), Academic Press pp. 177-224.

Koller, R., Robin, C., Bonkowski, M., Ruess, L. & S. Scheu (2013). Litter quality as driving factor for plant nutrition via grazing of protozoa on soil microorganisms. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 85, 241-250.

Ruf, A., Beylich, A., Blick, T., Büchs, W., Glante, F., Höss, S., Roß-Nickoll, M., Ruess, L., Russel, D.J., Römbke, J., Seitz, H., Theißen, B., Toschki, A., Weimann, C. & W. Züghart (2013). Soil organisms as an essential element of a monitoring plan to identify the effects of GMO cultivation. Requirements - Methodology - Standardisation. BioRisk 8, 73 - 87.

Tarkka, T.M., Herrmann, S., Wubet, T., Feldhahn, L., Recht, S., Kurth, F., Mailänder, S., Bönn, M., Neef, M., Angay, O., Bacht, M., Graf, M., Maboreke, H., Fleischmann, F., Grams, E.E.T., Ruess, L., Schädler, M., Brandl, R., Scheu, S., Schrey, D., S., Grosse, I. & F. Buscot (2013) OakContigDF159.1, a reference library for studying differential gene expression in Quercus robur during controlled biotic interactions: use for quantitative transcriptomic profiling of oak roots in ectomycorrhizal symbiosis. New Phytologist 199, 529 - 540.

Buse, T., Ruess, L. & J. Filser (2013). New trophic biomarkers for Collembola reared on algal diets. Pedobiologia 56, 153 -159.

Cesarz, S., Ruess, L., Jacob, M., Jacob, A., Schaefer, M. & S. Scheu (2013). Tree species diversity versus tree species identity: Driving forces in structuring forest food webs as indicated by soil nematodes. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 62, 36 - 45.

Kramer, S., Marhan, S., Haslwimmer, H., Ruess, L. & E. Kandeler (2013). Temporal variation in surface and subsoil abundance and function of the soil microbial community in an arable soil. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 61, 76 - 85.



Ngosong, C., Gabriel, E. & L. Ruess (2012). Use of the signature fatty acid 16:1ω5 as tool to determine the distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in soil. Journal of Lipids 2012, Article ID 236807.

Scharroba, A., Dibbern, D., Hünninghaus, M., Kramer, S., Moll, S., Butenschoen, O., Bonkowskie, M., Buscot, F., Kandeler, E., Koller, R., Krüger, D., Lueders, T., Scheu, S. & L. Ruess (2012). Effects of resource availability and quality on the structure of the micro-food web of an arable soil across depth. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 50, 111-119.

Kramer, S., Marhan, S., Ruess, L., Armbruster, W., Butenschoen, O., Haslwimmer, H., Kuzyakov, Y., Pausch, J., Scheunemann, N., Schoene, J., Schmalwasser, A., Totsche, K.U., Walker, F., Scheu, S. & E. Kandeler (2012). Carbon flow into microbial and fungal biomass as a basis for the belowground food web of agroecosystems. Pedobiologia 55, 111-119.



Heidemann, K., Scheu, S., Ruess, L. & M. Maraun (2011). Molecular detection of nematode predation and scavenging in oribatid mites: Laboratory and field experiments. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 43, 2229-2236.

Eisenhauer, N., Migunova, V.D., Ackermann, M., Ruess, L. & S. Scheu (2011). Changes in Plant Species Richness Induce Functional Shifts in Soil Nematode Communities in Experimental Grassland. PLoS One 6, 1-9.

Ngosong, C., Raupp, J., Richnow, H.H., & L. Ruess (2011) Tracking Collembola feeding strategies by the natural 13C signal of fatty acids in an arable soil with different fertilizer regimes. Pedobiologia 54, 225-233.



Ngosong, C., Jarosch,  M., Raupp, J., Neumann, E. & L. Ruess (2010) The impact of farming practice on soil microorganisms and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: Crop type versus long-term mineral and organic fertilization. Applied Soil Ecology 46, 134-142.

Ruess,  L. & P.M. Chamberlain (2010) Review: The fat that matters: Soil food web analysis using fatty acids and their carob stable isotope signature. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 42, 1898-1910.

Eisenhauer, N., Ackermann, M., Gass, S., Klier, M., Migunova, V., Nitschke, N., Ruess, L., Sabais, A.C.W., Weisser, W.W. & S. Scheu (2010) Nematicide impacts on nematodes and feedbacks on plant productivity in a plant diversity gradient. Acta Oecologica 36, 477-483.

Schütz, K., Kandeler, E., Nagel, P., Scheu, S. & L. Ruess (2010). Functional microbial community response to nutrient pulses by artificial groundwater recharge practice in surface soils and subsoils. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 72, 445-455.

Krashevska, V., Maraun, M., Ruess, L. & S. Scheu (2010). Carbon and nutrient limitation of soil microorganisms and microbial grazers in a tropical montane rain forest. Oikos 119, 1020-1028.



Endlweber, K., Ruess, L. & S. Scheu (2009). Collembola switch diet in presence of plant roots thereby functioning as herbivores. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 41, 1151-1154.

Haubert, D., Birkhofer, K., Fließbach, A., Gehre, M., Scheu, S. & L. Ruess (2009). Trophic structure and major trophic links in conventional versus organic farming systems as indicated by carbon stable isotope ratios of fatty acids. Oikos 118, 1579-1589.

Ngosong, C., Raupp, J., Scheu, S. & L. Ruess (2009). Low importance for a fungal based food web in arable soils under mineral and organic fertilization indicated by Collembola grazers. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 41, 2308-2317.

Schütz, K., Nagel, P., Vetter, W., Kandeler, E. & L. Ruess (2009). Flooding forested groundwater areas modifies microbial communities from top soil to groundwater table. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 67, 171-182.



Haubert, D., Häggblom, M.M., Scheu, S. & L. Ruess (2008). Effects of temperature and life stage on the fatty acid composition of Collembola. European Journal of Soil Biology 44, 213-219.

Krashevska, V., Bonkowski, M., Maraun, M., Ruess, L., Kandeler, E. & S. Scheu (2008). Microorganisms as driving factors for the community structure of testate amoebae along an altitudinal transect in tropical mountain rain forests. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 40, 2427-2433.



Haase, S., Ruess, L., Neumann, G., Marhan, S. & E. Kandeler (2007). Low-level herbivory by root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita) modifies root hair morphology and rhizodeposition in host plants (Hordeum vulgare). Plant and Soil 301, 151-164.

Poll, J., Marhan, S., Haase, S., Hallmann, J., Kandeler, E. & L. Ruess (2007). Low amounts of herbivory by root-knot nematodes affect microbial community dynamics and carbon allocation in the rhizosphere. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 62, 268-279.

Ruess, L., Schütz, K., Migge-Kleian, S., Häggblom, M.M., Kandeler, E. & S. Scheu (2007). Lipid composition of Collembola and their food resources in deciduous forest stands – implications for feeding strategies. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 39, 1990-2000.

Brose, U., Jonsson, T., Berlow, E.L., Warren, P., Banasek-Richter, C., Bersier, L.-F., Blanchard, J. L., Brey, T., Carpenter, S. R., Cattin Blandenier, M.-F., Cushing, L., Dawah, H. A., Dell, T., Edwards, F., Harper-Smith, S., Jacob, U., Ledger, M. E., Martinez, N. D., Memmott, J., Mintenbeck, K., Pinnegar, J. K., Rall, B. C., Rayner, T. S., Reuman, D.C., Ruess, L., Ulrich, W., Williams, R. J., Woodward, G. & J.E. Cohen (2006). Consumer-resource body-size relationships in natural food webs. Ecology 87, 2411-2417.

Chahartaghi, M., Scheu, S. & L. Ruess (2006). Sex ratio and mode of reproduction in Collembola of an oak-beech forest. Pedobiologia 50, 331-340.

Haubert, D., Häggblom, M. M., Langel, R., Scheu, S. & L. Ruess (2006). Trophic shift of stable isotopes and fatty acids in Collembola on bacterial diets. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 38, 2004-2007.

Ruess, L. & J. Lussenhop (2006). Trophic interactions of fungi and animals. In: The fungal community: Its organization and role in the ecosystem. Dighton, J., Oudemans, P. & J. White (eds), CRC, Boca Raton, pp 581-598.

Brose, U., Berlow, E.L., Jonsson, T., Banasek-Richter, C., Bersier, L.-F., Blanchard, J.L., Brey, T., Carpenter, S.R., Cattin Blandenier, M.-F., Cohen, J.E., Cushing, L., Dawah, H.-A., Dell, T., Edwards, F., Harper-Smith, S., Jakob, U., Knapp, R.A., Ledger, M. E., Martinez, N.D., Memmott, J., Mintenbeck, K., Pinnegar, J. K., Rall, B. J., Rayner, T., Ruess, L., Ulrich, W., Warren, P., Williams, R.J., Woodward, G. & P. Yodzis (2005). Body sizes of consumers and their resources. Ecology 86, 2545-2546.

Chahartaghi, M., Langel, R., Scheu, S. & L. Ruess (2005). Feeding guilds in Collembola based on nitrogen stable isotope ratios. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 37, 1718-1725.

Haubert, D., Langel, R., Scheu, S. & L. Ruess (2005). Effects of food quality, starvation and life stage on stable isotope fractionation in Collembola. Pedobiologia 49, 229-237.

Ruess, L., Schütz, K., Haubert, D., Häggblom, M.M., Kandeler, E. & S. Scheu (2005). Application of lipid analysis to understand trophic interactions in soil. Ecology 86, 2075-2082.

Ruess, L., Tiunov, A., Haubert, D., Richnow, H.H., Häggblom, M.M. & S. Scheu (2005). Carbon stable isotope fractionation and trophic transfer of fatty acids in fungal based soil food chains. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 37, 945-954.

Scheu, S., Ruess, L. & M. Bonkowski (2005). Interactions between micro-organisms and soil micro- and mesofauna. In: Microorganisms in soils: roles in genesis and functions. Buscot, F. & A. Varma (eds), Springer Verlag, pp 253-275.

Haubert, D., Häggblom, M. M., Scheu, S. & L. Ruess (2004). Effects of fungal food quality and starvation on the fatty acid composition of Protaphorura fimata (Collembola). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 138, 41-52.

Ruess, l., Häggblom, M. M., Langel, R. & S. Scheu (2004). Nitrogen isotope ratios and fatty acid composition as indicators of animal diets in belowground systems. Oecologia 139, 336-346.

Ruess, L. & H. Ferris (2004). Decomposition pathways and successional changes. Nematology Monographs and Perspectives 2, 547-556.

L. Ruess (2003). Nematode soil faunal analysis of decomposition pathways in different ecosystems. Nematology 5, 179-181.

Ruess, L., Schmidt I. K., Michelsen A. & S. Jonasson (2002). Responses of nematode species composition to factorial addition of carbon, fertiliser, bactericide and fungicide at two sub-arctic sites. Nematology 4, 527-539.

Ruess, L., Häggblom, M. M., Garzía Zapata, E. J. & J. Dighton (2002). Fatty acids of fungi and nematodes - possible biomarkers in the soil food chain? Soil Biology & Biochemistry 34, 745-756.

Ruess, L., Schmidt I. K., Michelsen A. & S. Jonasson (2001). Manipulations of a microbial based food web at two artic sites - evidence of species redundancy among the nematode fauna? Applied Soil Ecology 17, 19-30.

Ruess, L., Garzía Zapata, E. J. & J. Dighton (2000). Food preferences of the fungal feeding nematode Aphelenchoides sp. Nematology 2, 223-230.

Schmidt, I. K., Ruess, L., Bååth, E., Michelsen, A., Ekelund, F. & S. Jonasson (2000). Long-term manipulation of the microbes and microfauna of two subarctic heaths by addition of fungicide, bactericide, carbon and fertilizer. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 32, 707-720.

Ruess, L., Michelsen, A. & S. Jonasson (1999). Simulated climate change in subarctic soils: responses in nematode species composition and dominance structure. Nematology 1, 513-526.

Ruess, L., Michelsen A., Schmidt I. K. & S. Jonasson (1999). Simulated climate change affecting microorganisms, nematode density and biodiversity in subarctic soils. Plant and Soil 212, 63-73.

Sturhan, D. & L. Ruess (1999). An undescribed Steinernema sp. (Nematoda: Steinernematidae) from Germany and the Scandinavian Subarctic. Russian Journal of Nematology 7, 43-47.

Ruess, L., Michelsen, A., Schmidt, I. K., Jonasson, S. & J. Dighton (1998). Soil nematode fauna of a subarctic heath: potential nematicidal action of plant leaf extracts. Applied Soil Ecology 7, 111-124.

Ruess, L. (1998). Nematode fauna of a subarctic dwarf shrub heath at Abisko, Northern Swedish Lapland. In: De Goede, R. & T. Bongers (eds): Nematode communities of northern temperate grassland ecosystems DEGREE, 261-264.

Ruess, L. (1997). Biological indicators of critical loads: interactions between soil nematodes and fungi in relation to soil acidification. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz 69, 199-200.

Ruess, L. & J. Dighton (1996). Cultural studies on soil nematodes and their fungal hosts. Nematologica 42, 330-346.

Ruess, L., Sandbach, P., Cudlín, P., Dighton, J. & A. Crossley (1996). Acid deposition in a spruce forest soil: effects on nematodes, mycorrhizas and fungal biomass. Pedobiologia 40, 51-66.

Ruess, L. & W. Funke (1995). Nematode fauna of a spruce stand associated with forest decline. Acta Zoologica Fennica 196, 348-351.

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