Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Molecular Parasitology

Molecular Plasmodium-host interactions

Alyssa Ingmundson, PhD


Plasmodium parasites proliferate inside vacuoles in two types of host cells: liver cells and red blood cells. Liver-stage Plasmodium parasites secrete proteins to the parasitophorous vacuole membrane and remodel membranes associated with this vacuole that extend into the host cells. Blood-stage parasites are well known to export a repertoire of proteins into their host cells to remodel the host environment and promote parasite replication. Clearly in both infection stages, molecular interactions between the parasite and host cell are important for infection, and our research aims to understand these interactions. We explore host processes that influence Plasmodium development, and we investigate Plasmodium proteins that are exported to host cell during infection.


Current research projects:


Plasmodium proteins present at the interface with the host in infected liver or red blood cellsPic_website plasmodium proteins_Kirscht.jpg

Parasite proteins that cross the parasitophorous vacuole membrane can interact with host factors to mediate effects that benefit the parasite. Some of the proteins we are studying are conserved across multiple Plasmodium species and expressed in both the liver and blood stages of infection. With genetics, biochemistry and advanced microscopy, we investigate the role of these Plasmodium proteins that interface with the host to learn about shared aspects of the parasite-host interactions across species and growth stages.


Host factors important for Plasmodium development in the liver stage

Pic_website egress_Scheiner.jpg

Intracellular pathogens can usurp or subvert host cell functions to create an environment that supports the growth and success of the pathogen. Investigating host pathways important for development of Plasmodium in the liver can indicate the requirements for parasite growth in this stage and identify potential therapeutic targets. We hypothesize that the vacuole in which Plasmodium reside intercepts host vesicular transport pathways. We are investigating how regulators of membrane trafficking influence parasite development and the composition of the parasitophorous vacuole in the liver stage.          


Egress of liver-stage PlasmodiumPic_website-host factors_Netzel.jpg

When malaria parasites are transmitted by a mosquito, the number of liver cells that become infected is limited, so these Plasmodium parasites will not successfully establish a malaria infection unless they are able to successfully escape the liver and reach the blood stream. The molecular details of how the parasites actively orchestrate this egress process remain unclear, and we aim to better understand this process. We are characterizing a Plasmodium protease important for liver-stage parasite egress and investigating the role of host lipids in this exit process       


Current members:

Research Focus

EM Labor

Evolution komplexer Lebenszyklen, Neurophylogenie, Zelllinienanalysen, Struktur und Funktion biogener Materialien.

Special Subject: Evolution der Deuterostomier


  • hochauflösende 3D-Transmissionselektronenmikroskopie
  • bifokale 4D-Mikroskopie
  • Molekularsystematik
  • konsequent phylogenetische Systematik


Teaching activities
  • Lecture: „Aufbau und Biologie der eukaryotischen Zelle“
  • Practical Training Course: „Histologische und Zytologische Übungen“
  • Modul: „Marine Biodiversität“
  • Tutorial: „Zellbiologie“  (arranged and performed by Beate Tenner)




  • Gabriele Drescher – Technische Mitarbeiterin: Licht- und Elektronenmikroskopie
  • Dr. Khashayar Razghandi – Postdoktorand (Exzellenzcluster Bild, Wissen, Gestaltung): Strukturelle 3D-Analyse des Hauses von Oikopleura dioica
  • Katrin Braun – Doktorandin (Elsa-Neumann-Stipendiatin): Vergleichende Neuroanatomie von Tunikaten
  • Conny Peschel – Masterstudentin: 3D-TEM an Salpen